Am 1. Dezember wird mit der
Versendung des "Genfer Abkommens" an alle israelischen Haushalte
begonnen. Die Initiatoren erhoffen sich, so die notwendige
Unterstützung für das Friedensabkommen zu erhalten. Von Seiten der
Regierung wird der Vorstoß von linken Politikern, darunter Jossi
Beilin, Amram Mitzna und Avraham Burg, negativ gewertet.
Premierminister Scharon sprach von einem "zweiten Oslo", das nur
Schlechtes bringen werde, religiöse Parlamentarier betitelten den
Vertrag gar als "Teufelswerk". Das Abkommen war nach zwei Jahren
geheimer Verhandlungen zwischen Israelis und Palästinensern zustande
The Geneva Accord
The following is the text of the Geneva Accord, obtained exclusively
The State of Israel (hereinafter "Israel") and the Palestine
Liberation Organization (hereinafter "PLO"), the representative of
the Palestinian people (hereinafter the "Parties"):
Reaffirming their determination to put an end to decades of
confrontation and conflict, and to live in peaceful coexistence,
mutual dignity and security based on a just, lasting, and
comprehensive peace and achieving historic reconciliation;
Recognizing that peace requires the transition from the logic of war
and confrontation to the logic of peace and cooperation, and that
acts and words characteristic of the state of war are neither
appropriate nor acceptable in the era of peace;
Affirming their deep belief that the logic of peace requires
compromise, and that the only viable solution is a two-state
solution based on UNSC Resolution 242 and 338;
Affirming that this agreement marks the recognition of the right of
the Jewish people to statehood and the recognition of the right of
the Palestinian people to statehood, without prejudice to the equal
rights of the Parties' respective citizens;
Recognizing that after years of living in mutual fear and
insecurity, both peoples need to enter an era of peace, security and
stability, entailing all necessary actions by the parties to
guarantee the realization of this era;
Recognizing each other's right to peaceful and secure existence
within secure and recognized boundaries free from threats or acts of
Determined to establish relations based on cooperation and the
commitment to live side by side as good neighbors aiming both
separately and jointly to contribute to the well-being of their
Reaffirming their obligation to conduct themselves in conformity
with the norms of international law and the Charter of the United
Confirming that this Agreement is concluded within the framework of
the Middle East peace process initiated in Madrid in October 1991,
the Declaration of Principles of September 13, 1993, the subsequent
agreements including the Interim Agreement of September 1995, the
Wye River Memorandum of October 1998 and the Sharm El-Sheikh
Memorandum of September 4, 1999, and the permanent status
negotiations including the Camp David Summit of July 2000, the
Clinton Ideas of December 2000, and the Taba Negotiations of January
Reiterating their commitment to United Nations Security Council
Resolutions 242, 338 and 1397 and confirming their understanding
that this Agreement is based on, will lead to, and - by its
fulfillment - will constitute the full implementation of these
resolutions and to the settlement of the Israeli-Palestinian
conflict in all its aspects;
Declaring that this Agreement constitutes the realization of the
permanent status peace component envisaged in President Bush's
speech of June 24, 2002 and in the Quartet Roadmap process;
Declaring that this Agreement marks the historic reconciliation
between the Palestinians and Israelis, and paves the way to
reconciliation between the Arab World and Israel and the
establishment of normal, peaceful relations between the Arab states
and Israel in accordance with the relevant clauses of the Beirut
Arab League Resolution of March 28, 2002; and
Resolved to pursue the goal of attaining a comprehensive regional
peace, thus contributing to stability, security, development and
prosperity throughout the region;
Have agreed on the following:
Article 1 - Purpose of the Permanent Status Agreement
1. The Permanent Status Agreement (hereinafter "this Agreement")
ends the era of conflict and ushers in a new era based on peace,
cooperation, and good neighborly relations between the Parties.
2. The implementation of this Agreement will settle all the claims
of the Parties arising from events occurring prior to its signature.
No further claims related to events prior to this Agreement may be
raised by either Party.
Article 2 - Relations between the Parties
1. The state of Israel shall recognize the state of Palestine
(hereinafter "Palestine") upon its establishment. The state of
Palestine shall immediately recognize the state of Israel.
2. The state of Palestine shall be the successor to the PLO with all
its rights and obligations.
3. Israel and Palestine shall immediately establish full diplomatic
and consular relations with each other and will exchange resident
Ambassadors, within one month of their mutual recognition.
4. The Parties recognize Palestine and Israel as the homelands of
their respective peoples. The Parties are committed not to interfere
in each other's internal affairs.
5. This Agreement supercedes all prior agreements between the
6. Without prejudice to the commitments undertaken by them in this
Agreement, relations between Israel and Palestine shall be based
upon the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations.
7. With a view to the advancement of the relations between the two
States and peoples, Palestine and Israel shall cooperate in areas of
common interest. These shall include, but are not limited to,
dialogue between their legislatures and state institutions,
cooperation between their appropriate local authorities, promotion
of non-governmental civil society cooperation, and joint programs
and exchange in the areas of culture, media, youth, science,
education, environment, health, agriculture, tourism, and crime
prevention. The Israeli-Palestinian Cooperation Committee will
oversee this cooperation in accordance with Article 8.
8. The Parties shall cooperate in areas of joint economic interest,
to best realize the human potential of their respective peoples. In
this regard, they will work bilaterally, regionally, and with the
international community to maximize the benefit of peace to the
broadest cross-section of their respective populations. Relevant
standing bodies shall be established by the Parties to this effect.
9. The Parties shall establish robust modalities for security
cooperation, and engage in a comprehensive and uninterrupted effort
to end terrorism and violence directed against each others persons,
property, institutions or territory. This effort shall continue at
all times, and shall be insulated from any possible crises and other
aspects of the Parties' relations.
10. Israel and Palestine shall work together and separately with
other parties in the region to enhance and promote regional
cooperation and coordination in spheres of common interest.
11. The Parties shall establish a ministerial-level
Palestinian-Israeli High Steering Committee to guide, monitor, and
facilitate the process of implementation of this Agreement, both
bilaterally and in accordance with the mechanisms in Article 3
Article 3: Implementation and Verification Group
1. Establishment and Composition
(a) An Implementation and Verification Group (IVG) shall hereby be
established to facilitate, assist in, guarantee, monitor, and
resolve disputes relating to the implementation of this Agreement.
(b) The IVG shall include the U.S., the Russian Federation, the EU,
the UN, and other parties, both regional and international, to be
agreed on by the Parties.
(c) The IVG shall work in coordination with the Palestinian-Israeli
High Steering Committee established in Article 2/11 above and
subsequent to that with the Israeli-Palestinian Cooperation
Committee (IPCC) established in Article 8 hereunder.
(d) The structure, procedures, and modalities of the IVG are set
forth below and detailed in Annex X.
(a) A senior political-level contact group (Contact Group), composed
of all the IVG members, shall be the highest authority in the IVG.
(b) The Contact Group shall appoint, in consultation with the
Parties, a Special Representative who will be the principal
executive of the IVG on the ground. The Special Representative shall
manage the work of the IVG and maintain constant contact with the
Parties, the Palestinian-Israeli High Steering Committee, and the
(c) The IVG permanent headquarters and secretariat shall be based in
an agreed upon location in Jerusalem.
(d) The IVG shall establish its bodies referred to in this Agreement
and additional bodies as it deems necessary. These bodies shall be
an integral part of and under the authority of the IVG.
(e) The Multinational Force (MF) established under Article 5 shall
be an integral part of the IVG. The Special Representative shall,
subject to the approval of the Parties, appoint the Commander of the
MF who shall be responsible for the daily command of the MF. Details
relating to the Special Representative and MF Force Commander are
set forth in Annex X.
(f) The IVG shall establish a dispute settlement mechanism, in
accordance with Article 16.
3. Coordination with the Parties
A Trilateral Committee composed of the Special Representative and
the Palestinian-Israeli High Steering Committee shall be established
and shall meet on at least a monthly basis to review the
implementation of this Agreement. The Trilateral Committee will
convene within 48 hours upon the request of any of the three parties
In addition to the functions specified elsewhere in this Agreement,
the IVG shall: (a) Take appropriate measures based on the reports it
receives from the MF, (b) Assist the Parties in implementing the
Agreement and preempt and promptly mediate disputes on the ground.
In accordance with the progress in the implementation of this
Agreement, and with the fulfillment of the specific mandated
functions, the IVG shall terminate its activities in the said
spheres. The IVG shall continue to exist unless otherwise agreed by
Article 4 - Territory
1. The International Borders between the States of Palestine and
(a) In accordance with UNSC Resolution 242 and 338, the border
between the states of Palestine and Israel shall be based on the
June 4th 1967 lines with reciprocal modifications on a 1:1 basis as
set forth in attached Map 1.
(b) The Parties recognize the border, as set out in attached Map 1,
as the permanent, secure and recognized international boundary
2. Sovereignty and Inviolability
(a) The Parties recognize and respect each other's sovereignty,
territorial integrity, and political independence, as well as the
inviolability of each others territory, including territorial
waters, and airspace. They shall respect this inviolability in
accordance with this Agreement, the UN Charter, and other rules of
(b) The Parties recognize each other's rights in their exclusive
economic zones in accordance with international law.
3. Israeli Withdrawal
(a) Israel shall withdraw in accordance with Article 5.
(b) Palestine shall assume responsibility for the areas from which
(c) The transfer of authority from Israel to Palestine shall be in
accordance with Annex X.
(d) The IVG shall monitor, verify, and facilitate the implementation
of this Article.
(a) A Joint Technical Border Commission (Commission) composed of the
two Parties shall be established to conduct the technical
demarcation of the border in accordance with this Article. The
procedures governing the work of this Commission are set forth in
(b) Any disagreement in the Commission shall be referred to the IVG
in accordance with Annex X.
(c) The physical demarcation of the international borders shall be
completed by the Commission not later than nine months from the date
of the entry into force of this Agreement.
(a) The state of Israel shall be responsible for resettling the
Israelis residing in Palestinian sovereign territory outside this
(b) The resettlement shall be completed according to the schedule
stipulated in Article 5.
(c) Existing arrangements in the West Bank and Gaza Strip regarding
Israeli settlers and settlements, including security, shall remain
in force in each of the settlements until the date prescribed in the
timetable for the completion of the evacuation of the relevant
(d) Modalities for the assumption of authority over settlements by
Palestine are set forth in Annex X. The IVG shall resolve any
disputes that may arise during its implementation.
(e) Israel shall keep intact the immovable property, infrastructure
and facilities in Israeli settlements to be transferred to
Palestinian sovereignty. An agreed inventory shall be drawn up by
the Parties with the IVG in advance of the completion of the
evacuation and in accordance with Annex X.
(f) The state of Palestine shall have exclusive title to all land
and any buildings, facilities, infrastructure or other property
remaining in any of the settlements on the date prescribed in the
timetable for the completion of the evacuation of this settlement.
(a) The states of Palestine and Israel shall establish a corridor
linking the West Bank and Gaza Strip. This corridor shall: i. Be
under Israeli sovereignty. ii. Be permanently open. iii. Be under
Palestinian administration in accordance with Annex X of this
Agreement. Palestinian law shall apply to persons using and
procedures appertaining to the corridor. iv. Not disrupt Israeli
transportation and other infrastructural networks, or endanger the
environment, public safety or public health. Where necessary,
engineering solutions will be sought to avoid such disruptions. v.
Allow for the establishment of the necessary infrastructural
facilities linking the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. Infrastructural
facilities shall be understood to include, inter alia, pipelines,
electrical and communications cables, and associated equipment as
detailed in Annex X. vi. Not be used in contravention of this
(b) Defensive barriers shall be established along the corridor and
Palestinians shall not enter Israel from this corridor, nor shall
Israelis enter Palestine from the corridor.
(c) The Parties shall seek the assistance of the international
community in securing the financing for the corridor.
(d) The IVG shall guarantee the implementation of this Article in
accordance with Annex X.
(e) Any disputes arising between the Parties from the operation of
the corridor shall be resolved in accordance with Article 16.
(f) The arrangements set forth in this clause may only be terminated
or revised by agreement of both Parties.
Article 5 - Security
1. General Security Provisions
(a) The Parties acknowledge that mutual understanding and
co-operation in security-related matters will form a significant
part of their bilateral relations and will further enhance regional
security. Palestine and Israel shall base their security relations
on cooperation, mutual trust, good neighborly relations, and the
protection of their joint interests.
(b) Palestine and Israel each shall:
i. Recognize and respect the other's right to live in peace within
secure and recognized boundaries free from the threat or acts of
war, terrorism and violence;
ii. refrain from the threat or use of force against the territorial
integrity or political independence of the other and shall settle
all disputes between them by peaceful means;
iii. refrain from joining, assisting, promoting or co-operating with
any coalition, organization or alliance of a military or security
character, the objectives or activities of which include launching
aggression or other acts of hostility against the other;
iv. refrain from organizing, encouraging, or allowing the formation
of irregular forces or armed bands, including mercenaries and
militias within their respective territory and prevent their
establishment. In this respect, any existing irregular forces or
armed bands shall be disbanded and prevented from reforming at any
v. refrain from organizing, assisting, allowing, or participating in
acts of violence in or against the other or acquiescing in
activities directed toward the commission of such acts.
(c) To further security cooperation, the Parties shall establish a
high level Joint Security Committee that shall meet on at least a
monthly basis. The Joint Security Committee shall have a permanent
joint office, and may establish such sub-committees as it deems
necessary, including sub-committees to immediately resolve localized
2. Regional Security
i. Israel and Palestine shall work together with their neighbors and
the international community to build a secure and stable Middle
East, free from weapons of mass destruction, both conventional and
non-conventional, in the context of a comprehensive, lasting, and
stable peace, characterized by reconciliation, goodwill, and the
renunciation of the use of force.
ii. To this end, the Parties shall work together to establish a
regional security regime.
3. Defense Characteristics of the Palestinian State (a) No armed
forces, other than as specified in this Agreement, will be deployed
or stationed in Palestine.
(b) Palestine shall be a non-militarized state, with a strong
security force. Accordingly, the limitations on the weapons that may
be purchased, owned, or used by the Palestinian Security Force (PSF)
or manufactured in Palestine shall be specified in Annex X. Any
proposed changes to Annex X shall be considered by a trilateral
committee composed of the two Parties and the MF. If no agreement is
reached in the trilateral committee, the IVG may make its own
i. No individuals or organizations in Palestine other than the PSF
and the organs of the IVG, including the MF, may purchase, possess,
carry or use weapons except as provided by law.
(c) The PSF shall:
i. Maintain border control;
ii. Maintain law-and-order and perform police functions;
iii. Perform intelligence and security functions;
iv. Prevent terrorism;
v. Conduct rescue and emergency missions; and
vi. Supplement essential community services when necessary.
(d) The MF shall monitor and verify compliance with this clause.
(a) The Parties reject and condemn terrorism and violence in all its
forms and shall pursue public policies accordingly. In addition, the
parties shall refrain from actions and policies that are liable to
nurture extremism and create conditions conducive to terrorism on
(b) The Parties shall take joint and, in their respective
territories, unilateral comprehensive and continuous efforts against
all aspects of violence and terrorism. These efforts shall include
the prevention and preemption of such acts, and the prosecution of
(c) To that end, the Parties shall maintain ongoing consultation,
cooperation, and exchange of information between their respective
(d) A Trilateral Security Committee composed of the two Parties and
the United States shall be formed to ensure the implementation of
this Article. The Trilateral Security Committee shall develop
comprehensive policies and guidelines to fight terrorism and
(a) Without prejudice to freedom of expression and other
internationally recognized human rights, Israel and Palestine shall
promulgate laws to prevent incitement to irredentism, racism,
terrorism and violence and vigorously enforce them.
(b) The IVG shall assist the Parties in establishing guidelines for
the implementation of this clause, and shall monitor the Parties'
6. Multinational Force
(a) A Multinational Force (MF) shall be established to provide
security guarantees to the Parties, act as a deterrent, and oversee
the implementation of the relevant provisions of this Agreement.
(b) The composition, structure and size of the MF are set forth in
(c) To perform the functions specified in this Agreement, the MF
shall be deployed in the state of Palestine. The MF shall enter into
the appropriate Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) with the state of
(d) In accordance with this Agreement, and as detailed in Annex X,
the MF shall:
i. In light of the non-militarized nature of the Palestinian state,
protect the territorial integrity of the state of Palestine.
ii. Serve as a deterrent against external attacks that could
threaten either of the Parties.
iii. Deploy observers to areas adjacent to the lines of the Israeli
withdrawal during the phases of this withdrawal, in accordance with
iv. Deploy observers to monitor the territorial and maritime borders
of the state of Palestine, as specified in clause 5/13.
v. Perform the functions on the Palestinian international border
crossings specified in clause 5/12.
vi. Perform the functions relating to the early warning stations as
specified in clause 5/8.
vii. Perform the functions specified in clause 5/3.
viii. Perform the functions specified in clause 5/7.
ix. Perform the functions specified in Article 10.
x. Help in the enforcement of anti-terrorism measures.
xi. Help in the training of the PSF.
(e) In relation to the above, the MF shall report to and update the
IVG in accordance with Annex X.
(f) The MF shall only be withdrawn or have its mandate changed by
agreement of the Parties.
(a) Israel shall withdraw all its military and security personnel
and equipment, including landmines, and all persons employed to
support them, and all military installations from the territory of
the state of Palestine, except as otherwise agreed in Annex X, in
(b) The staged withdrawals shall commence immediately upon entry
into force of this Agreement and shall be made in accordance with
the timetable and modalities set forth in Annex X.
(c) The stages shall be designed subject to the following
i. The need to create immediate clear contiguity and facilitate the
early implementation of Palestinian development plans.
ii. Israel's capacity to relocate, house and absorb settlers. While
costs and inconveniences are inherent in such a process, these shall
not be unduly disruptive.
iii. The need to construct and operationalize the border between the
iv. The introduction and effective functioning of the MF, in
particular on the eastern border of the state of Palestine.
(d) Accordingly, the withdrawal shall be implemented in the
i. The first stage shall include the areas of the state of
Palestine, as defined in Map X, and shall be completed within 9
ii. The second and third stages shall include the remainder of the
territory of the state of Palestine and shall be completed within 21
months of the end of the first stage.
(e) Israel shall complete its withdrawal from the territory of the
state of Palestine within 30 months of the entry into force of this
Agreement, and in accordance with this Agreement.
(f) Israel will maintain a small military presence in the Jordan
Valley under the authority of the MF and subject to the MF SOFA as
detailed in Annex X for an additional 36 months. The stipulated
period may be reviewed by the Parties in the event of relevant
regional developments, and may be altered by the Parties' consent.
(g) In accordance with Annex X, the MF shall monitor and verify
compliance with this clause.
8. Early Warning Stations
(a) Israel may maintain two EWS in the northern, and central West
Bank at the locations set forth in Annex X.
(b) The EWS shall be staffed by the minimal required number of
Israeli personnel and shall occupy the minimal amount of land
necessary for their operation as set forth in Annex X.
(c) Access to the EWS will be guaranteed and escorted by the MF.
(d) Internal security of the EWS shall be the responsibility of
Israel. The perimeter security of the EWS shall be the
responsibility of the MF.
(e) The MF and the PSF shall maintain a liaison presence in the EWS.
The MF shall monitor and verify that the EWS is being used for
purposes recognized by this Agreement as detailed in Annex X.
(f) The arrangements set forth in this Article shall be subject to
review in ten years, with any changes to be mutually agreed.
Thereafter, there will be five-yearly reviews whereby the
arrangements set forth in this Article may be extended by mutual
(g) If at any point during the period specified above a regional
security regime is established, then the IVG may request that the
Parties review whether to continue or revise operational uses for
the EWS in light of these developments. Any such change will require
the mutual consent of the Parties.
(a) Civil Aviation
i. The Parties recognize as applicable to each other the rights,
privileges and obligations provided for by the multilateral aviation
agreements to which they are both party, particularly by the 1944
Convention on International Civil Aviation (The Chicago Convention)
and the 1944 International Air Services Transit Agreement.
ii. In addition, the Parties shall, upon entry into force of this
Agreement, establish a trilateral committee composed of the two
Parties and the IVG to design the most efficient management system
for civil aviation, including those relevant aspects of the air
traffic control system. In the absence of consensus the IVG may make
its own recommendations.
i. The Israeli Air Force shall be entitled to use the Palestinian
sovereign airspace for training purposes in accordance with Annex X,
which shall be based on rules pertaining to IAF use of Israeli
ii. The IVG shall monitor and verify compliance with this clause.
Either Party may submit a complaint to the IVG whose decision shall
iii. The arrangements set forth in this clause shall be subject to
review every ten years, and may be altered or terminated by the
agreement of both Parties.
10. Electromagnetic Sphere
(a) Neither Party's use of the electromagnetic sphere may interfere
with the other Party's use.
(b) Annex X shall detail arrangements relating to the use of the
(c) The IVG shall monitor and verify the implementation of this
clause and Annex X.
(d) Any Party may submit a complaint to the IVG whose decision shall
11. Law Enforcement
The Israeli and Palestinian law enforcement agencies shall cooperate
in combating illicit drug trafficking, illegal trafficking in
archaeological artifacts and objects of arts, cross-border crime,
including theft and fraud, organized crime, trafficking in women and
minors, counterfeiting, pirate TV and radio stations, and other
12. International Border Crossings
(a) The following arrangements shall apply to borders crossing
between the state of Palestine and Jordan, the state of Palestine
and Egypt, as well as airport and seaport entry points to the state
(b) All border crossings shall be monitored by joint teams composed
of members of the PSF and the MF. These teams shall prevent the
entry into Palestine of any weapons, materials or equipment that are
in contravention of the provisions of this Agreement.
(c) The MF representatives and the PSF will have, jointly and
separately, the authority to block the entry into Palestine of any
such items. If at any time a disagreement regarding the entrance of
goods or materials arises between the PSF and the MF
representatives, the PSF may bring the matter to the IVG, whose
binding conclusions shall be rendered within 24 hours.
(d) This arrangement shall be reviewed by the IVG after 5 years to
determine its continuation, modification or termination. Thereafter,
the Palestinian party may request such a review on an annual basis.
(e) In passenger terminals, for thirty months, Israel may maintain
an unseen presence in a designated on-site facility, to be staffed
by members of the MF and Israelis, utilizing appropriate technology.
The Israeli side may request that the MF-PSF conduct further
inspections and take appropriate action.
(f) For the following two years, these arrangements will continue in
a specially designated facility in Israel, utilizing appropriate
technology. This shall not cause delays beyond the procedures
outlined in this clause.
(g) In cargo terminals, for thirty months, Israel may maintain an
unseen presence in a designated on-site facility, to be staffed by
members of the MF and Israelis, utilizing appropriate technology.
The Israeli side may request that the MF-PSF conduct further
inspections and take appropriate action. If the Israeli side is not
satisfied by the MF-PSF action, it may demand that the cargo be
detained pending a decision by an MF inspector. The MF inspector's
decision shall be binding and final, and shall be rendered within 12
hours of the Israeli complaint.
(h) For the following three years, these arrangements will continue
from a specially designated facility in Israel, utilizing
appropriate technology. This shall not cause delays beyond the
timelines outlined in this clause.
(i) A high level trilateral committee composed of representatives of
Palestine, Israel, and the IVG shall meet regularly to monitor the
application of these procedures and correct any irregularities, and
may be convened on request.
(j) The details of the above are set forth in Annex X.
13. Border Control
(a) The PSF shall maintain border control as detailed in Annex X.
(b) The MF shall monitor and verify the maintenance of border
control by the PSF.
Article 6 - Jerusalem
1. Religious and Cultural Significance:
(a) The Parties recognize the universal historic, religious,
spiritual, and cultural significance of Jerusalem and its holiness
enshrined in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. In recognition of
this status, the Parties reaffirm their commitment to safeguard the
character, holiness, and freedom of worship in the city and to
respect the existing division of administrative functions and
traditional practices between different denominations.
(b) The Parties shall establish an inter-faith body consisting of
representatives of the three monotheistic faiths, to act as a
consultative body to the Parties on matters related to the city's
religious significance and to promote inter-religious understanding
and dialogue. The composition, procedures, and modalities for this
body are set forth in Annex X.
2. Capital of Two States
The Parties shall have their mutually recognized capitals in the
areas of Jerusalem under their respective sovereignty.
Sovereignty in Jerusalem shall be in accordance with attached Map 2.
This shall not prejudice nor be prejudiced by the arrangements set
4. Border Regime
The border regime shall be designed according to the provisions of
Article 11, and taking into account the specific needs of Jerusalem
(e.g., movement of tourists and intensity of border crossing use
including provisions for Jerusalemites) and the provisions of this
5. al-Haram al-Sharif/Temple Mount (Compound)
(a) International Group
i. An International Group, composed of the IVG and other parties to
be agreed upon by the Parties, including members of the Organization
of the Islamic Conference (OIC), shall hereby be established to
monitor, verify, and assist in the implementation of this clause.
ii. For this purpose, the International Group shall establish a
Multinational Presence on the Compound, the composition, structure,
mandate and functions of which are set forth in Annex X.
iii. The Multinational Presence shall have specialized detachments
dealing with security and conservation. The Multinational Presence
shall make periodic conservation and security reports to the
International Group. These reports shall be made public.
iv. The Multinational Presence shall strive to immediately resolve
any problems arising and may refer any unresolved disputes to the
International Group that will function in accordance with Article
v. The Parties may at any time request clarifications or submit
complaints to the International Group which shall be promptly
investigated and acted upon.
vi. The International Group shall draw up rules and regulations to
maintain security on and conservation of the Compound. These shall
include lists of the weapons and equipment permitted on the site.
(b) Regulations Regarding the Compound
i. In view of the sanctity of the Compound, and in light of the
unique religious and cultural significance of the site to the Jewish
people, there shall be no digging, excavation, or construction on
the Compound, unless approved by the two Parties. Procedures for
regular maintenance and emergency repairs on the Compound shall be
established by the IG after consultation with the Parties.
ii. The state of Palestine shall be responsible for maintaining the
security of the Compound and for ensuring that it will not be used
for any hostile acts against Israelis or Israeli areas. The only
arms permitted on the Compound shall be those carried by the
Palestinian security personnel and the security detachment of the
iii. In light of the universal significance of the Compound, and
subject to security considerations and to the need not to disrupt
religious worship or decorum on the site as determined by the Waqf,
visitors shall be allowed access to the site. This shall be without
any discrimination and generally be in accordance with past
(c) Transfer of Authority
i. At the end of the withdrawal period stipulated in Article 5/7,
the state of Palestine shall assert sovereignty over the Compound.
ii. The International Group and its subsidiary organs shall continue
to exist and fulfill all the functions stipulated in this Article
unless otherwise agreed by the two Parties.
6. The Wailing Wall
The Wailing Wall shall be under Israeli sovereignty.
7. The Old City
(a) Significance of the Old City
i. The Parties view the Old City as one whole enjoying a unique
character. The Parties agree that the preservation of this unique
character together with safeguarding and promoting the welfare of
the inhabitants should guide the administration of the Old City.
ii. The Parties shall act in accordance with the UNESCO World
Cultural Heritage List regulations, in which the Old City is a
(b)IVG Role in the Old City
i. Cultural Heritage
1. The IVG shall monitor and verify the preservation of cultural
heritage in the Old City in accordance with the UNESCO World
Cultural Heritage List rules. For this purpose, the IVG shall have
free and unimpeded access to sites, documents, and information
related to the performance of this function.
2. The IVG shall work in close coordination with the Old City
Committee of the Jerusalem Coordination and Development Committee
(JCDC), including in devising a restoration and preservation plan
for the Old City.
1. The IVG shall establish an Old City Policing Unit (PU) to liaise
with, coordinate between, and assist the Palestinian and Israeli
police forces in the Old City, to defuse localized tensions and help
resolve disputes, and to perform policing duties in locations
specified in and according to operational procedures detailed in
2. The PU shall periodically report to the IVG.
iii. Either Party may submit complaints in relation to this clause
to the IVG, which shall promptly act upon them in accordance with
(c) Free Movement within the Old City
Movement within the Old City shall be free and unimpeded subject to
the provisions of this article and rules and regulations pertaining
to the various holy sites.
(d) Entry into and Exit from the Old City
i. Entry and exit points into and from the Old City will be staffed
by the authorities of the state under whose sovereignty the point
falls, with the presence of PU members, unless otherwise specified.
ii. With a view to facilitating movement into the Old City, each
Party shall take such measures at the entry points in its territory
as to ensure the preservation of security in the Old City. The PU
shall monitor the operation of the entry points.
iii. Citizens of either Party may not exit the Old City into the
territory of the other Party unless they are in possession of the
relevant documentation that entitles them to. Tourists may only exit
the Old City into the territory of the Party which they posses valid
authorization to enter.
(e) Suspension, Termination, and Expansion
i. Either Party may suspend the arrangements set forth in Article
6.7.iii in cases of emergency for one week. The extension of such
suspension for longer than a week shall be pursuant to consultation
with the other Party and the IVG at the Trilateral Committee
established in Article 3/3.
ii. This clause shall not apply to the arrangements set forth in
iii. Three years after the transfer of authority over the Old City,
the Parties shall review these arrangements. These arrangements may
only be terminated by agreement of the Parties.
iv. The Parties shall examine the possibility of expanding these
arrangements beyond the Old City and may agree to such an expansion.
(f) Special Arrangements
i. Along the way outlined in Map X (from the Jaffa Gate to the Zion
Gate) there will be permanent and guaranteed arrangements for
Israelis regarding access, freedom of movement, and security, as set
forth in Annex X. 1. The IVG shall be responsible for the
implementation of these arrangements.
ii. Without prejudice to Palestinian sovereignty, Israeli
administration of the Citadel will be as outlined in Annex X.
(g) Color-Coding of the Old City
A visible color-coding scheme shall be used in the Old City to
denote the sovereign areas of the respective Parties.
i. An agreed number of Israeli police shall constitute the Israeli
Old City police detachment and shall exercise responsibility for
maintaining order and day-to-day policing functions in the area
under Israeli sovereignty.
ii. An agreed number of Palestinian police shall constitute the
Palestinian Old City police detachment and shall exercise
responsibility for maintaining order and day-to-day policing
functions in the area under Palestinian sovereignty.
iii. All members of the respective Israeli and Palestinian Old City
police detachments shall undergo special training, including joint
training exercises, to be administered by the PU.
iv. A special Joint Situation Room, under the direction of the PU
and incorporating members of the Israeli and Palestinian Old City
police detachments, shall facilitate liaison on all relevant matters
of policing and security in the Old City.
No person shall be allowed to carry or possess arms in the Old City,
with the exception of the Police Forces provided for in this
agreement. In addition, each Party may grant special written
permission to carry or possess arms in areas under its sovereignty.
(j) Intelligence and Security
i. The Parties shall establish intensive intelligence cooperation
regarding the Old City, including the immediate sharing of threat
ii. A trilateral committee composed of the two Parties and
representatives of the United States shall be established to
facilitate this cooperation.
8. Mount of Olives Cemetery
(a) The area outlined in Map X (the Jewish Cemetery on the Mount of
Olives) shall be under Israeli administration; Israeli law shall
apply to persons using and procedures appertaining to this area in
accordance with Annex X.
i. There shall be a designated road to provide free, unlimited, and
unimpeded access to the Cemetery.
ii. The IVG shall monitor the implementation of this clause.
iii. This arrangement may only be terminated by the agreement of
9. Special Cemetery Arrangements
Arrangements shall be established in the two cemeteries designated
in Map X (Mount Zion Cemetery and the German Colony Cemetery), to
facilitate and ensure the continuation of the current burial and
visitation practices, including the facilitation of access.
10. The Western Wall Tunnel
(a) The Western Wall Tunnel designated in Map X shall be under
Israeli administration, including:
i. Unrestricted Israeli access and right to worship and conduct
ii. Responsibility for the preservation and maintenance of the site
in accordance with this Agreement and without damaging structures
above, under IVG supervision.
iii. Israeli policing.
iv. IVG monitoring
v. The Northern Exit of the Tunnel shall only be used for exit and
may only be closed in case of emergency as stipulated in Article
(b) This arrangement may only be terminated by the agreement of both
11. Municipal Coordination
(a) The two Jerusalem municipalities shall form a Jerusalem
Co-ordination and Development Committee ("JCDC") to oversee the
cooperation and coordination between the Palestinian Jerusalem
municipality and the Israeli Jerusalem municipality. The JCDC and
its sub-committees shall be composed of an equal number of
representatives from Palestine and Israel. Each side will appoint
members of the JCDC and its subcommittees in accordance with its own
(b) The JCDC shall ensure that the coordination of infrastructure
and services best serves the residents of Jerusalem, and shall
promote the economic development of the city to the benefit of all.
The JCDC will act to encourage cross-community dialogue and
(c) The JCDC shall have the following subcommittees: i. A Planning
and Zoning Committee: to ensure agreed planning and zoning
regulations in areas designated in Annex X.
ii. A Hydro Infrastructure Committee: to handle matters relating to
drinking water delivery, drainage, and wastewater collection and
iii. A Transport Committee: to coordinate relevant connectedness and
compatibility of the two road systems and other issues pertaining to
iv. An Environmental Committee: to deal with environmental issues
affecting the quality of life in the city, including solid waste
v. An Economic and Development Committee: to formulate plans for
economic development in areas of joint interest, including in the
areas of transportation, seam line commercial cooperation, and
vi. A Police and Emergency Services Committee: to coordinate
measures for the maintenance of public order and crime prevention
and the provision of emergency services;
vii. An Old City Committee: to plan and closely coordinate the joint
provision of the relevant municipal services, and other functions
stipulated in Article 6/7.
viii. Other Committees as agreed in the JCDC.
12. Israeli Residency of Palestinian Jerusalemites
Palestinian Jerusalemites who currently are permanent residents of
Israel shall lose this status upon the transfer of authority to
Palestine of those areas in which they reside.
13. Transfer of authority
The Parties will apply in certain socio-economic spheres interim
measures to ensure the agreed, expeditious, and orderly transfer of
powers and obligations from Israel to Palestine. This shall be done
in a manner that preserves the accumulated socio-economic rights of
the residents of East Jerusalem.
Article 7 - Refugees
1. Significance of the Refugee Problem
(a) The Parties recognize that, in the context of two independent
states, Palestine and Israel, living side by side in peace, an
agreed resolution of the refugee problem is necessary for achieving
a just, comprehensive and lasting peace between them.
(b) Such a resolution will also be central to stability building and
development in the region.
2. UNGAR 194, UNSC Resolution 242, and the Arab Peace Initiative
(a) The Parties recognize that UNGAR 194, UNSC Resolution 242, and
the Arab Peace Initiative (Article 2.ii.) concerning the rights of
the Palestinian refugees represent the basis for resolving the
refugee issue, and agree that these rights are fulfilled according
to Article 7 of this Agreement.
(a) Refugees shall be entitled to compensation for their refugeehood
and for loss of property. This shall not prejudice or be prejudiced
by the refugee's permanent place of residence.
(b) The Parties recognize the right of states that have hosted
Palestinian refugees to remuneration.
4. Choice of Permanent Place of Residence (PPR)
The solution to the PPR aspect of the refugee problem shall entail
an act of informed choice on the part of the refugee to be exercised
in accordance with the options and modalities set forth in this
agreement. PPR options from which the refugees may choose shall be
(a) The state of Palestine, in accordance with clause a below.
(b) Areas in Israel being transferred to Palestine in the land swap,
following assumption of Palestinian sovereignty, in accordance with
clause a below.
(c) Third Countries, in accordance with clause b below.
(d) The state of Israel, in accordance with clause c below.
(e) Present Host countries, in accordance with clause d below.
i. PPR options i and ii shall be the right of all Palestinian
refugees and shall be in accordance with the laws of the State of
ii. Option iii shall be at the sovereign discretion of third
countries and shall be in accordance with numbers that each third
country will submit to the International Commission. These numbers
shall represent the total number of Palestinian refugees that each
third country shall accept.
iii. Option iv shall be at the sovereign discretion of Israel and
will be in accordance with a number that Israel will submit to the
International Commission. This number shall represent the total
number of Palestinian refugees that Israel shall accept. As a basis,
Israel will consider the average of the total numbers submitted by
the different third countries to the International Commission.
iv. Option v shall be in accordance with the sovereign discretion of
present host countries. Where exercised this shall be in the context
of prompt and extensive development and rehabilitation programs for
the refugee communities.
Priority in all the above shall be accorded to the Palestinian
refugee population in Lebanon.
5. Free and Informed Choice
The process by which Palestinian refugees shall express their PPR
choice shall be on the basis of a free and informed decision. The
Parties themselves are committed and will encourage third parties to
facilitate the refugees' free choice in expressing their
preferences, and to countering any attempts at interference or
organized pressure on the process of choice. This will not prejudice
the recognition of Palestine as the realization of Palestinian
self-determination and statehood.
6. End of Refugee Status
Palestinian refugee status shall be terminated upon the realization
of an individual refugee's permanent place of residence (PPR) as
determined by the International Commission.
7. End of Claims
This agreement provides for the permanent and complete resolution of
the Palestinian refugee problem. No claims may be raised except for
those related to the implementation of this agreement.
8. International Role
The Parties call upon the international community to participate
fully in the comprehensive resolution of the refugee problem in
accordance with this Agreement, including, inter alia, the
establishment of an International Commission and an International
9. Property Compensation
(a) Refugees shall be compensated for the loss of property resulting
from their displacement.
(b) The aggregate sum of property compensation shall be calculated
i. The Parties shall request the International Commission to appoint
a Panel of Experts to estimate the value of Palestinians' property
at the time of displacement.
ii. The Panel of Experts shall base its assessment on the UNCCP
records, the records of the Custodian for Absentee Property, and any
other records it deems relevant. The Parties shall make these
records available to the Panel.
iii. The Parties shall appoint experts to advise and assist the
Panel in its work.
iv. Within 6 months, the Panel shall submit its estimates to the
v. The Parties shall agree on an economic multiplier, to be applied
to the estimates, to reach a fair aggregate value of the property.
(c) The aggregate value agreed to by the Parties shall constitute
the Israeli "lump sum" contribution to the International Fund. No
other financial claims arising from the Palestinian refugee problem
may be raised against Israel.
(d) Israel's contribution shall be made in installments in
accordance with Schedule X.
(e) The value of the Israeli fixed assets that shall remain intact
in former settlements and transferred to the state of Palestine will
be deducted from Israel's contribution to the International Fund. An
estimation of this value shall be made by the International Fund,
taking into account assessment of damage caused by the settlements.
10. Compensation for Refugeehood
(a) A "Refugeehood Fund" shall be established in recognition of each
individual's refugeehood. The Fund, to which Israel shall be a
contributing party, shall be overseen by the International
Commission. The structure and financing of the Fund is set forth in
(b) Funds will be disbursed to refugee communities in the former
areas of UNRWA operation, and will be at their disposal for communal
development and commemoration of the refugee experience. Appropriate
mechanisms will be devised by the International Commission whereby
the beneficiary refugee communities are empowered to determine and
administer the use of this Fund.
11. The International Commission (Commission)
(a) Mandate and Composition
v i. An International Commission shall be established and shall have
full and exclusive responsibility for implementing all aspects of
this Agreement pertaining to refugees.
ii. In addition to themselves, the Parties call upon the United
Nations, the United States, UNRWA, the Arab host countries, the EU,
Switzerland, Canada, Norway, Japan, the World Bank, the Russian
Federation, and others to be the members of the Commission.
iii. The Commission shall:
1. Oversee and manage the process whereby the status and PPR of
Palestinian refugees is determined and realized.
2. Oversee and manage, in close cooperation with the host states,
the rehabilitation and development programs.
3. Raise and disburse funds as appropriate.
iv. The Parties shall make available to the Commission all relevant
documentary records and archival materials in their possession that
it deems necessary for the functioning of the Commission and its
organs. The Commission may request such materials from all other
relevant parties and bodies, including, inter alia, UNCCP and UNRWA.
i. The Commission shall be governed by an Executive Board (Board)
composed of representatives of its members.
ii. The Board shall be the highest authority in the Commission and
shall make the relevant policy decisions in accordance with this
iii. The Board shall draw up the procedures governing the work of
the Commission in accordance with this Agreement.
iv. The Board shall oversee the conduct of the various Committees of
the Commission. The said Committees shall periodically report to the
Board in accordance with procedures set forth thereby.
v. The Board shall create a Secretariat and appoint a Chair thereof.
The Chair and the Secretariat shall conduct the day-to-day operation
of the Commission.
(c) Specific Committees
i. The Commission shall establish the Technical Committees specified
ii. Unless otherwise specified in this Agreement, the Board shall
determine the structure and procedures of the Committees.
iii. The Parties may make submissions to the Committees as deemed
iv. The Committees shall establish mechanisms for resolution of
disputes arising from the interpretation or implementation of the
provisions of this Agreement relating to refugees.
v. The Committees shall function in accordance with this Agreement,
and shall render binding decisions accordingly.
vi. Refugees shall have the right to appeal decisions affecting them
according to mechanisms established by this Agreement and detailed
in Annex X.
(d) Status-determination Committee:
i. The Status-determination Committee shall be responsible for
verifying refugee status.
ii. UNRWA registration shall be considered as rebuttable presumption
(prima facie proof) of refugee status.
(e) Compensation Committee:
i. The Compensation Committee shall be responsible for administering
the implementation of the compensation provisions.
ii. The Committee shall disburse compensation for individual
property pursuant to the following modalities:
1. Either a fixed per capita award for property claims below a
specified value. This will require the claimant to only prove title,
and shall be processed according to a fast-track procedure, or
2. A claims-based award for property claims exceeding a specified
value for immovables and other assets. This will require the
claimant to prove both title and the value of the losses.
iii. Annex X shall elaborate the details of the above including, but
not limited to, evidentiary issues and the use of UNCCP, "Custodian
for Absentees' Property", and UNRWA records, along with any other
(f) Host State Remuneration Committee:
There shall be remuneration for host states.
(g) Permanent Place of Residence Committee (PPR Committee):
The PPR Committee shall,
i. Develop with all the relevant parties detailed programs regarding
the implementation of the PPR options pursuant to Article 7/4 above.
ii. Assist the applicants in making an informed choice regarding PPR
iii. Receive applications from refugees regarding PPR. The
applicants must indicate a number of preferences in accordance with
article 7/4 above. The applications shall be received no later than
two years after the start of the International Commission's
operations. Refugees who do not submit such applications within the
two-year period shall lose their refugee status.
iv. Determine, in accordance with sub-Article (a) above, the PPR of
the applicants, taking into account individual preferences and
maintenance of family unity. Applicants who do not avail themselves
of the Committee's PPR determination shall lose their refugee
v. Provide the applicants with the appropriate technical and legal
vi. The PPR of Palestinian refugees shall be realized within 5 years
of the start of the International Commission's operations.
(h) Refugeehood Fund Committee
The Refugeehood Fund Committee shall implement Article 7/10 as
detailed in Annex X.
(i) Rehabilitation and Development Committee In accordance with the
aims of this Agreement and noting the above PPR programs, the
Rehabilitation and Development Committee shall work closely with
Palestine, Host Countries and other relevant third countries and
parties in pursuing the goal of refugee rehabilitation and community
development. This shall include devising programs and plans to
provide the former refugees with opportunities for personal and
communal development, housing, education, healthcare, re-training
and other needs. This shall be integrated in the general development
plans for the region.
12. The International Fund
(a) An International Fund (the Fund) shall be established to receive
contributions outlined in this Article and additional contributions
from the international community. The Fund shall disburse monies to
the Commission to enable it to carry out its functions. The Fund
shall audit the Commission's work.
(b) The structure, composition and operation of the Fund are set
forth in Annex X.
(a) UNRWA should be phased out in each country in which it operates,
based on the end of refugee status in that country.
(b) UNRWA should cease to exist five years after the start of the
Commission's operations. The Commission shall draw up a plan for the
phasing out of UNRWA and shall facilitate the transfer of UNRWA
functions to host states.
14. Reconciliation Programs
(a) The Parties will encourage and promote the development of
cooperation between their relevant institutions and civil societies
in creating forums for exchanging historical narratives and
enhancing mutual understanding regarding the past.
(b) The Parties shall encourage and facilitate exchanges in order to
disseminate a richer appreciation of these respective narratives, in
the fields of formal and informal education, by providing conditions
for direct contacts between schools, educational institutions and
(c) The Parties may consider cross-community cultural programs in
order to promote the goals of conciliation in relation to their
(d) These programs may include developing appropriate ways of
commemorating those villages and communities that existed prior to
Article 8 - Israeli-Palestinian Cooperation Committee (IPCC)
1. The Parties shall establish an Israeli-Palestinian Cooperation
Committee immediately upon the entry into force of this agreement.
The IPCC shall be a ministerial-level body with ministerial-level
2. The IPCC shall develop and assist in the implementation of
policies for cooperation in areas of common interest including, but
not limited to, infrastructure needs, sustainable development and
environmental issues, cross-border municipal cooperation, border
area industrial parks, exchange programs, human resource
development, sports and youth, science, agriculture and culture.
3. The IPCC shall strive to broaden the spheres and scope of
cooperation between the Parties.
Article 9 - Designated Road Use Arrangements
1. The following arrangements for Israeli civilian use will apply to
the designated roads in Palestine as detailed in Map X (Road 443,
Jerusalem to Tiberias via Jordan Valley, and Jerusalem -Ein Gedi).
2. These arrangements shall not prejudice Palestinian jurisdiction
over these roads, including PSF patrols.
3. The procedures for designated road use arrangements will be
further detailed in Annex X.
4. Israelis may be granted permits for use of designated roads.
Proof of authorization may be presented at entry points to the
designated roads. The sides will review options for establishing a
road use system based on smart card technology.
5. The designated roads will be patrolled by the MF at all times.
The MF will establish with the states of Israel and Palestine agreed
arrangements for cooperation in emergency medical evacuation of
6. In the event of any incidents involving Israeli citizens and
requiring criminal or legal proceedings, there will be full
cooperation between the Israeli and Palestinian authorities
according to arrangements to be agreed upon as part of the legal
cooperation between the two states. The Parties may call on the IVG
to assist in this respect.
7. Israelis shall not use the designated roads as a means of
entering Palestine without the relevant documentation and
8. In the event of regional peace, arrangements for Palestinian
civilian use of designated roads in Israel shall be agreed and come
Article 10 - Sites of Religious Significance
1. The Parties shall establish special arrangements to guarantee
access to agreed sites of religious significance, as will be
detailed in Annex X. These arrangements will apply, inter alia, to
the Tomb of the Patriarchs in Hebron and Rachel's Tomb in Bethlehem,
and Nabi Samuel.
2. Access to and from the sites will be by way of designated shuttle
facilities from the relevant border crossing to the sites.
3. The Parties shall agree on requirements and procedures for
granting licenses to authorized private shuttle operators.
4. The shuttles and passengers will be subject to MF inspection.
5. The shuttles will be escorted on their route between the border
crossing and the sites by the MF.
6. The shuttles shall be under the traffic regulations and
jurisdiction of the Party in whose territory they are traveling.
7. Arrangements for access to the sites on special days and holidays
are detailed in Annex X.
8. The Palestinian Tourist Police and the MF will be present at
9. The Parties shall establish a joint body for the religious
administration of these sites.
10. In the event of any incidents involving Israeli citizens and
requiring criminal or legal proceedings, there will be full
cooperation between the Israeli and Palestinian authorities
according to arrangements to be agreed upon. The Parties may call on
the IVG to assist in this respect.
11. Israelis shall not use the shuttles as a means of entering
Palestine without the relevant documentation and authorization.
12. The Parties shall protect and preserve the sites of religious
significance listed in Annex X and shall facilitate visitation to
the cemeteries listed in Annex X.
Article 11 - Border Regime
There shall be a border regime between the two states, with movement
between them subject to the domestic legal requirements of each and
to the provisions of this Agreement as detailed in Annex X.
2. Movement across the border shall only be through designated
3. Procedures in border crossings shall be designed to facilitate
strong trade and economic ties, including labor movement between the
4. Each Party shall each, in its respective territory, take the
measures it deems necessary to ensure that no persons, vehicles, or
goods enter the territory of the other illegally.
5. Special border arrangements in Jerusalem shall be in accordance
with Article 6 above.
Article 12 - Water: still to be completed
Article 13 - Economic Relations: still to be completed
Article 14 - Legal Cooperation: still to be completed
Article 15 - Palestinian Prisoners and Detainees
1. In the context of this Permanent Status Agreement between Israel
and Palestine, the end of conflict, cessation of all violence, and
the robust security arrangements set forth in this Agreement, all
the Palestinian and Arab prisoners detained in the framework of the
Israeli-Palestinian conflict prior to the date of signature of this
Agreement, DD/MM/2003, shall be released in accordance with the
categories set forth below and detailed in Annex X.
(a) Category A: all persons imprisoned prior to the start of the
implementation of the Declaration of Principles on May 4, 1994,
administrative detainees, and minors, as well as women, and
prisoners in ill health shall be released immediately upon the entry
into force of this Agreement.
(b) Category B: all persons imprisoned after May 4, 1994 and prior
to the signature of this Agreement shall be released no later than
eighteen months from the entry into force of this Agreement, except
those specified in Category C.
(c) Category C: Exceptional cases - persons whose names are set
forth in Annex X - shall be released in thirty months at the end of
the full implementation of the territorial aspects of this Agreement
set forth in Article 5/7/v.
Article 16 - Dispute Settlement Mechanism
1. Disputes related to the interpretation or application of this
Agreement shall be resolved by negotiations within a bilateral
framework to be convened by the High Steering Committee.
2. If a dispute is not settled promptly by the above, either Party
may submit it to mediation and conciliation by the IVG mechanism in
accordance with Article 3.
3. Disputes which cannot be settled by bilateral negotiation and/or
the IVG mechanism shall be settled by a mechanism of conciliation to
be agreed upon by the Parties.
4. Disputes which have not been resolved by the above may be
submitted by either Party to an arbitration panel. Each Party shall
nominate one member of the three-member arbitration panel. The
Parties shall select a third arbiter from the agreed list of
arbiters set forth in Annex X either by consensus or, in the case of
disagreement, by rotation.
Article 17 - Final Clauses
Including a final clause providing for a UNSCR/UNGAR resolution
endorsing the agreement and superceding the previous UN resolutions.