Die schwedische Außenministerin:
Sharon wird den Konflikt verschärfen
Ein Konflikt zwischen Israel und
Schweden als Folge einer scharfen Äußerungen der schwedischen
Außenministerin Anna Lindt zum Wahlsieg Sharons.
Itamar Eichner, Jedioth achronoth
Bei der feierlichen Verleihung des “Olaf Palma
Preises” an die palästinensische Menschenrechtsaktivistin Chanan
Ashrauwi, sagte AM Lindh, der Wahlsieg Sharons bedeute, dass
anstelle von Frieden und Sicherheit der Konflikt mit den
Palästinensern sich jetzt nur noch verschärfen werde.
Lindh übte Kritik an der israelischen Demokratie
und sagte, sie balanciere auf einer schmalen Linie. “Wir befürchten,
das Israel seine moralischen Werte verlieren wird, und die
Palästinenser ihre Hoffnung auf einen eigenen Staat”, sagte sie.
In Bezug auf den israelischen Beschluss, der palästinensischen
Delegation die Ausreise nach London zu verbieten, sagte die
schwedische AM, die Politik Israels sei “zynisch”. Am Ende ihrer
Rede wandte sie sich persönlich an Ashrauwi und versprach ihr: “Da
es sich um eine grundlegende Diskussion über Gerechtigkeit handelt -
das Recht der Verfolgten auf eine Heimat, auf Selbstbestimmung,
Sicherheit und Freiheit - können Sie sich auf unsere Unterstützung
överlämnade på torsdagen årets Palmepris till den palestinska
människorättskämpen Hanan Ashrawi. I samband med det höll Anna Lindh
också ett tal om situationen i Mellanöstern.
stellvertretende Generaldirektor für Westeuropa im Außenministerium,
Viktor Harel, wies den Israelischen Botschafter in Stockholm, Zvi
Masal, an, einen scharfen Protest beim schwedischen Außenministerium
gegen die “verletzenden Äußerungen Lindhs” einzulegen, die “eine
eindeutige Einmischung in die internen Belange Israels darstellen.”
Weiter soll er gegen die “überflüssige Moralpredigt” protestieren,
“die aus einer selbstgerechten und anmaßenden Einstellung
resultiert, die von Israel nicht akzeptiert wird.”
31 January 2003
Foreign Minister Anna Lindh at the award ceremony for the Olof Palme
Prize 2002 to Mrs Hanan Ashrawi, ABF, 30 January, 2003
Dear Hanan, dear
Last weekend we could read the headline "13 dead in Israeli
attack on Gaza". Some journalists described it as the beginning of
an invasion of Gaza, others as an attempt to influence the Israeli
elections. But all in all, the main reaction was apathy. And what to
We have made the statements, condemned the violence, adopted the
resolutions. We have had the meetings, made the trips, held the
conferences. We have heard the promises - of security, of solutions,
of "last time" - and we have seen the results.
There is a risk that frustration replaces hope - that apathy
replaces action. There is a danger that the headline "13 dead"
becomes just letters and numbers - that we suppress the knowledge
that another13 individuals - the last of them a six year old boy -
are added to those already killed.
Resignation is our biggest enemy.
We must continue to react when Palestinian children are prevented
for months to go to school, when the elderly cannot see their
doctor, when pregnant women are prevented from getting to hospital
to give birth. We have to protest when parents cannot come to work,
cannot provide for their families - because their villages are
closed off, because of curfews, because troops and tanks stand in
their way - when people cannot live their daily life without being
More than 2000 Palestinians and 700 Israelis have been killed –
and many more injured - since the second intifada began. Hundreds of
Palestinian houses have been demolished. Thousands of olive trees
have been uprooted. A majority of the Palestinians in the West Bank
and Gaza live in poverty. The illegal settlements continue. Israel
has the right to defend themselves against terrorism, but no one can
really believe that this is the best way to do it.
Now, a wall is constructed, about 350 kilometres long, 8 meters
high, by 60 metres broad. Israelis call it protection. Palestinians
call it - rightly - confiscation.
Last week a Palestinian village in the neighbourhood of Tulkarem
was locked in by the wall. 62 shops were demolished. 2 500
Palestinians lost their livelihood.
There are no winners in this situation.
Also the Israelis suffer. They suffer from the constant fear of
suicide-bombers. We can never accept or understand when Israeli
civilians, when teenagers in discos and cafés, become targets.
Nearly a quarter of the population has a friend or a family member
who has lost someone in a suicide attack. Tourists no longer flock
to the country, neither do investors. The occupation drains the
I fear for future generations.
Palestinian youth are denied the normal dreams and hopes for
studies, for work, for a life. Some of them are deprived of their
future by their own - used as weapons against people that could have
been friends. Young Israelis get a twisted picture of the world when
they have to adapt the role of the oppressor in the occupied
How are these young Palestinians and Israelis to understand that
peace requires compromises, when they have been reared for revenge?
That peace requires tolerance, when they have been taught to hate?
That peace requires cooperation, when they are trained for battle?
I fear that the Palestinian people soon will loose all hope of an
independent state, and that Israel will loose its moral values.
Israel is a democracy balancing on a thin line.
Both Israelis and Palestinians have to realise that either peace
is gained together - or both will loose.
The result of the Israeli elections, two days ago, unfortunately
points to continued confrontation, instead of security and of peace.
To me this policy is cynical, not the least because Israeli
authorities fight the work for reform and peace in the Palestinian
Authority. That was evident when the Israeli government denied three
Palestinians to leave the country for a peace Conference in London,
when universities are closed down, and when timing always seems to
be suited to violence, not to negotiations.
Extremists on both sides in fact supports each other in preventing
Ordinary men, women and children, Palestinian and Israeli, must
pay for the shortcomings of their leaders.
But we also know that a majority on both sides support a peace
deal and seem willing to pay the necessary price.
We all know what the goal must be: peaceful coexistence between
two sovereign states. We all know that it can only be reached
through peaceful negotiations, based on international law, and the
relevant UN resolutions.
Instead of using force the Israeli government should do everything
to get the process back on track. Israel must end the occupation,
give up settlements, and agree on a pragmatic solution to Jerusalem,
in return for peace. Israel must abide by international law and
conventions and stop humiliating the population in the occupied
territories. The walls, both of barbed wire and of suspicion, must
The Palestinian leadership must do everything in their power to
stop the terrorist acts, and take legal measures against those
responsible. They must stop those who exploit the despair of the
young by recruiting them as terrorists. The Palestinian Authority
must produce reform, for security, but also for democracy and Human
Both sides must try to rid themselves of attitudes that only
serve to limit and diminish - the mentality of the occupier, or of
It seems that they are unable to stop the conflict, and find the way
back to the negotiating table, by themselves. A third party
intervention is needed.
Our hope right now is the Road Map proposed by the EU, building
on the Arab Initiative, to get an independent, democratic and viable
Palestinian state by 2005, side by side with Israel and its other
neighbours. The Quartet - the EU, the UN, the USA and Russia -
informally adopted the Road Map on 20 December last year. Now it has
to be implemented, not to meet the same faith as the Mitchell Plan,
A crucial element, for the plan to succeed, is the establishment
of monitoring and verification to observe and report on the two
If we believe in a Palestinian state, we must also prepare for
it. Early elections are necessary. We must help to secure reforms
for democracy, good governance and human rights for the Palestinians
- for a state governed by law. Sweden is one of the largest donors
of humanitarian and development assistance to the Palestinians, and
we will continue to support the Palestinian Authority and the
Occupation and violence creates an atmosphere of silence, and
hampers free expressions. But an open discussion about the problems
in the Palestinian community is necessary. Reforms are necessary.
And you, dear Hanan, are in yourself an excellent example of how it
could, and should be done.
Some time in the end of the 1980-ties, you became well-known to
the international community. In a usually compact male environment
you stood out, but not mainly because you are a woman. Then, as well
as today, you stood out as a person of remarkable integrity and
sense, in a chaotic situation. Your political deed is the story of a
constant struggle for justice and lasting peace, performed with
great courage, crushing strength and irresistible elegance.
Your achievements are impressive, as a negotiator, as a minister,
as a pioneer for human rights and democracy. Always an excellent
advocate of the Palestinian cause - never afraid to criticise also
your own, when needed.
The world needs more politicians, more role models, more women
Yesterday, on Swedish TV, some people in Ramallah were
interviewed about you, and an old man said: "It would have been good
if there had been many others like her."
It is a great honour for me to speak in your honour today, and to
participate when you receive this well earned Prize in the memory of
another great personality, Olof Palme.
Not long before he died, he said that politics is simply a means
by which we try to realise our dreams. For many Swedes social
justice at home, and international justice abroad are parts of the
same struggle. Perhaps that is why the Israeli-Palestinian conflict
has captured the imagination of so many Swedes. Because this
conflict is fundamentally about justice; the right of the persecuted
and dispossessed to a homeland, to self-determination, to security
and to freedom. For that, you can count on our support.